Ecocentrism is a worldview in which ecosystems (including their biological and physical constituent parts, as well as the ecological processes that connect the elements in space and time) are considered to have intrinsic value. In other words, they are seen as having a value of existence in their own right rather than merely through benefits that they confer to humans.
Ecocentrism provides a system that allows robust ethical analysis of the impact that humans are having on the community of life on Earth and the physical systems on which it is dependent. It also yields practical corollaries relevant to environmentalism and sustainability, as well as providing a motivation for active campaigning and the leading of a reduced-impact lifestyle.
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